Cities database Learn programming Java

Lesson:

Arrays, Structures and Strings


Exercise:

Cities database 54


Objetive:

Create a database to store information about cities.

In a first approach, we will store only the name of each city and the number of inhabitants, and allocate space for up to 500 cities.

The menu should include the following options:
1 .- Add a new city (at the end of the existing data)
2 .- View all cities (name and inhabitants)
3 .- Modify a record (rename and / or change number of inhabitants)
4 .- Insert a new record (in a specified position, moving the following ones to the right)
5 .- Delete a record (moving the following ones to the left so that no empty spaces are left)
6 .- Search in the records (display the ones which contain a certain text in their name, whether in upper or lower case, using partial search)
7 .- Correct the capitalization of the names (turn into uppercase the first letter and the ones after a space, and make the rest lowercase).
0 .- Exit


Code:

import java.util.*;
public class Main
{
	private final static class city
	{
		public String name;
		public int inhabitants;

		public city clone()
		{
			city varCopy = new city();

			varCopy.name = this.name;
			varCopy.inhabitants = this.inhabitants;

			return varCopy;
		}
	}

	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		int maxCities = 500;
		city[] cities = new city[maxCities];
		int amount = 0;
		int currentCityNumber;
		String option;
		String textToSearch;
		boolean found;
		String textToModify;
		boolean finished = false;

		do
		{
			System.out.println();
			System.out.println("Cities database");
			System.out.println();
			System.out.println("1.- Add a new city");
			System.out.println("2.- View all cities");
			System.out.println("3.- Modify a record");
			System.out.println("4.- Insert a new record");
			System.out.println("5.- Delete a record");
			System.out.println("6.- Search in the records");
			System.out.println("7.- Correct the capitalization of the names");
			System.out.println("0.- Exit");
			System.out.println();
			System.out.print("Choose an option: ");
			option = new Scanner(System.in).nextLine();

			switch (option)
			{
				case "0":
					finished = true;
					break;

				case "1":
					if (amount > maxCities - 1)
					{
						System.out.println("the database is full");
					}
					else
					{
						System.out.printf("Entering data for city number %1$s" + "\r\n", amount + 1);
						System.out.print("Enter the city name: ");
						cities[amount].name = new Scanner(System.in).nextLine();
						System.out.print("Enter the inhabitants numbers: ");
						cities[amount].inhabitants = Integer.parseInt(new Scanner(System.in).nextLine());
						System.out.println("The data was entered correctly");
						amount++;
					}
					break;

				case "2":
					for (int i = 0; i < amount; i++)
					{
						System.out.printf("%1$s: %2$s, %3$s inhabitants" + "\r\n", i + 1, cities[i].name, cities[i].inhabitants);
					}
					System.out.println();
					break;

				case "3":
					System.out.print("Enter the city number: ");
					currentCityNumber = Integer.parseInt(new Scanner(System.in).nextLine());
					System.out.printf("Enter a new data for a city number: %1$s" + "\r\n", currentCityNumber);
					System.out.printf("City name (was %1$s; hit ENTER to leave as is): ", cities[currentCityNumber - 1].name);
					textToModify = new Scanner(System.in).nextLine();
					if (!textToModify.equals(""))
					{
						cities[currentCityNumber - 1].name = textToModify;
					}
						System.out.printf("Inhabitants (was %1$s; hit ENTER to leave as is): ", cities[currentCityNumber - 1].inhabitants);
						textToModify = new Scanner(System.in).nextLine();
						if (!textToModify.equals(""))
						{
							cities[currentCityNumber - 1].inhabitants = Integer.parseInt(textToModify);
						}
							System.out.println();
							break;
				case "4":
					if (amount > maxCities - 1)
					{
						System.out.println("The database is full");
					}
					else
					{
						System.out.print("Enter the number of the city to modify: ");
						currentCityNumber = Integer.parseInt(new Scanner(System.in).nextLine());
						System.out.printf("Insert a new data at %1$s position: " + "\r\n",currentCityNumber);
						amount++;
						for (int i = (int)amount; i > currentCityNumber - 1; i--)
						{
							cities[i] = cities[i - 1].clone();
						}
						System.out.print("City name: ");
						cities[currentCityNumber - 1].name = new Scanner(System.in).nextLine();
						System.out.print("Inhabitants: ");
						cities[currentCityNumber - 1].inhabitants = Integer.parseInt(new Scanner(System.in).nextLine());
					}
					break;

				case "5":
					System.out.print("Enter the city number for delete: ");
					currentCityNumber = Integer.parseInt(new Scanner(System.in).nextLine());
					System.out.printf("Deleting the number %1$s" + "\r\n", currentCityNumber);
					for (int i = currentCityNumber - 1; i < amount; i++)
					{
						cities[i] = cities[i + 1].clone();
					}
					amount--;
					break;

				case "6":
					System.out.print("Enter the text to search: ");
					textToSearch = new Scanner(System.in).nextLine();
					found = false;
					for (int i = 0; i < amount; i++)
					{
						if (cities[i].name.toUpperCase().indexOf(textToSearch.toUpperCase()) >= 0)
						{
							System.out.printf("%1$s found in %2$s" + "\r\n", textToSearch, cities[i].name);
							found = true;
						}
					}
					if (!found)
					{
						System.out.println("Not found.");
					}
						break;

				case "7":
					for (int i = 0;i < amount;i++)
					{
						String lowerCaseName = cities[i].name.toLowerCase();
						String correctedName = lowerCaseName.substring(0, 1).toUpperCase() + lowerCaseName.substring(1);
						for (int j = 1; j < correctedName.length() - 2; j++)
						{
							if (correctedName.charAt(j) == ' ')
							{
							correctedName = correctedName.substring(0, j) + " " + correctedName.substring(j + 1, j + 1 + 1).toUpperCase() + correctedName.substring(j + 2);
							}
						}
						cities[i].name = correctedName;
					}
					break;

				default:
					System.out.println("Wrong option ");
					break;
			}

		} while (!finished);
	}
}